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France has centred its RES approach around FITs on the one hand and a tendering procedure on the other. Hydropower has traditionally been important for electricity generation, and the country ranks second when it comes to biofuel production, although the biofuels target for 2005 was not met.


The French policy for the promotion of RES-E includes the following mechanisms:

  • FITs (introduced in 2001 and 2002, and modified in 2005) for PV, hydro, biomass, sewage and landfill gas, municipal solid waste, geothermal, offshore wind, onshore wind and CHP; and
  • A tender system for large renewable projects.

Table I.9: Key Support Schemes in France


Technology Duration Tariff Note
Wind onshore 10 years
5 years
82 €/MWh
28 – 82 €/MWh
Depending on the local wind conditions
Wind offshore 10 years
following 10 years
130 €/MWh
30 – 130 €/MWh
Depending on the local wind conditions
Solid biomass 15 years 49 €/MWh Standard rate, including premium up to 12 €/MWh
Biogas 15 years 45 – 57.2 €/MWh Standard rate, including premium up to 3 €/MWh
Hydro power 20 years 54.9 – 61 €/MWh Standard rate, including premium up to 15,2 €/MWh
Municipal solid waste 15 years 45 – 50 €/MWh Standard rate, including premium up to 3 €/MWh
CHP plants   61 – 9.,5 €/MWh  
Geothermal 15 years
15 years
120 €/MWh
100 €/MWh
Standard rate
In metropolis only
Plus and efficiency bonus up to 30 €/MWh
PV 20 years
20 years
300 €/MWh
400 €/MWh
In metropolis
In Corsica, DOM and Mayotte
Plus 250 €/MWh respectively 150 €/MWh if roof-integrated



The RES-E target from the EU Directive for France is 21 per cent RES-E share of gross electricity consumption in 2010. France’s share of RES-E decreased from 15 per cent in 1997 to 12.64 per cent in 2004. France has vast resources of wind, geothermal energy and biomass, and wind power and geothermal electricity have shown growth. In addition, there is potential in the area of solid biomass.



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