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Germany is an EU leader in wind utilisation, PV, solar thermal installations and biofuel production. Its onshore wind capacity covers approximately 50 per cent of the total installed capacity in the EU. A stable and predictable policy framework has created conditions favourable to RES penetration and growth. FITs for RES-E have proven a successful policy, leading to a very dynamic market for RES.



With the aim of promoting RES-E, Germany has introduced the following schemes through its Renewable Energy Act of 2004:

  • FITs for onshore wind, offshore wind, PV, biomass, hydro, landfill gas, sewage gas and geothermal; and
  • Large subsidised loans available through the DtA (Deutsche Ausgleichsbank) Environment and Energy Efficiency Programme.


Table I.10: Key Support Schemes in Germany

Technology Duration Tariff Note
Wind onshore 20 years 83.6 €/MWh
52.8 €/MWh
For at least 5 years
Further 15 years, annual reduction of 2 is taken into account.
Wind offshore 20 years 91 €/MWh
61.9 €/MWh
30 – 130 €/MWh
For at least 12 years
Further 8 years, annual reduction of 2 is taken into account.
Solid biomass
and biogas
20 years
20 years
81.5 – 111,6 €/MWh
64.5 – 74.4 €/MWh
additional 20 €/MWh
Annual reduction of 1.5
Annual reduction of 1.5
In CHP applications only
Hydro power up to 5 MW 30 years 66.5 – 96.7 €/MWh Lower FITs also for hydro plants up to 150 MW
Geothermal 20 years 71.6 – 150 €/MWh Annual reduction of 1 from 2010 on
PV 20 years 406 – 568 €/MWh Annual reduction of 6.5; prices vary depending   on the location.




Overall, Germany would like to register a 10 per cent RES share of total energy consumption in 2020. The RES-E targets set for Germany are 12.5 per cent of gross electricity consumption in 2010 and 20 per cent in 2020. Substantial progress has already been made towards the 2010 RES-E target. Germany’s RES-E share in 1997 was 4.5 per cent, which more than doubled to 9.46 per cent by 2004.

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