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Lithuania depends, to a large extent, on the Ignalina nuclear power plant, which has been generating 75–88 per cent of the total electricity since 1993. In 2004, Unit 1 was closed, and the shutdown of Unit 2 is planned before 2010. In order to provide alternative sources of energy, in particular electricity, Lithuania has set a national target of 12 per cent RES by 2010 (8 per cent in 2003). The implementation of a green certifi cate scheme was, however, postponed for 11 years. The biggest renewables potential in Lithuania can be found in the fi eld of biomass.


The core mechanisms used in Lithuania to support RES-E are the following:

  • FITs: in 2002, the National Control Commission for Prices and Energy approved the average purchase prices of green electricity. The tariffs are guaranteed for a fixed period of 10 years.
  • After 2010, a green certificate scheme should be in place. The implementation of this mechanism has been postponed until 2021.

Table I.15: Key Support schemes in Lithuania

Technology Duration 2002 - present
fixed fixed
years €/MWh
Hydro 10
Wind 63.7
Biomass 57.9



At national level, it has been decided that the RES share of Lithuania’s total energy consumption should reach 12 per cent by 2010. The RES-E EU Directive has fi xed a RES-E target of 7 per cent of gross electricity consumption by 2010. In 2003, RES accounted for about 8 per cent of the country’s energy supply. Between 1997 and 2004, an increase of 0.41 per cent in the RES-E share of consumption was noted (3.71 per cent in 2004 compared to 3.3 per cent in 1997).

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