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The market for RES in Malta is still in its infancy, and at present, penetration is minimal. RES has not been adopted commercially, and only solar energy and biofuels are used. Nevertheless, the potential of solar and wind is substantial. In order to promote the uptake of RES, the Maltese Government is currently creating a framework for support measures. In the meantime, it has set national indicative targets for RES-E lower than those agreed in its Accession Treaty (between 0.31 per cent and 1.31 per cent, instead of 5 per cent).


In Malta, RES-E is supported by a FIT system and reduced value-added tax systems.

Table I.17: Key Support Schemes

PV < 3.7 kW
Support system Comments
46.6 €/MWh Feed-in
Solar 5 – 15 per cent
VAT reduction

Note: A framework for measures to further support RES-E is currently being examined



The RES-E target set by the EU Directive for Malta is 5 per cent of gross electricity consumption in 2010. However, at national level, it has been decided to aim for 0.31 per cent, excluding large wind farms and waste combustion plants; or for 1.31 per cent in the event that the plans for a land-based wind farm are implemented. The total RES-E production in 2004 was 0.01 GWh and, therefore, the RES-E share of gross electricity consumption was effectively zero.

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